Day 2 :
University of Toronto, Canada
Amy Clements-Cortés,s Assistant Professor, University of Toronto, Music and Health Research Collaboratory; Music Therapy Instructor & Graduate Supervisor, Wilfrid Laurier University; and Senior Music Therapist/Practice Advisor, Baycrest Centre, Toronto. She is a Registered Psychotherapist, President of the World Federation of Music Therapy, Managing Editor of the Journal of Music and Medicine, and Board Member of the Room 217 Foundation. She has served as a President and Internship Chair for the Canadian Association for Music Therapy (CAMT). She has published in multiple journals and has given over 100 invited academic and conference presentations.
Relationships are often a cause of substantial psychological pain for patients and their families at end-of-life. Anticipatory grief is commonly experienced by dying persons, focusing on multiple issues including: the loss of relationships, as well as the loss of forthcoming life events of which they will not be able to participate. Music therapy is commonly used in palliative care settings to address anticipatory grief, and is a valuable therapy for addressing relationship concerns.
Dileo and Dneaster’s (2005) Model of music therapy in palliative care defines three levels of practice. At the support level, music therapy is used to support the patient and palliate symptoms. At the communicative and expressive level, music therapy facilitates the patient in reflecting upon and conveying feelings, and at the transformative level, music therapy may facilitate growth and insight at the end-of-life.
This presentation will overview this model and music therapy techniques implemented to assist patients with reference to how they have been described and implemented in the literature; with a focus on songwriting, the creation of musical autobiographies, and the construction of legacy gifts. A clinical case study of a 63 year old terminally ill patient will be shared, alongside the results of a research study which assessed the transformative role of music therapy in facilitating relationship completion. Further, the presenter’s analysis of the current practice of music therapy in palliative care will be shared identifying the emergence of nine themes of practice, falling into three categories: physical, psychosocial, and whole person care.
Chunichi Beauty College, Japan
Mr. Kenichi Kume has graduated from the Foster School of Business at the University of Washington in Seattle, USA, and holds an MBA. He has held numerous professional positions in the USA, Japan, and Switzerland. He is currently the Dean of the Total Beauty School at Chunichi Beauty College in Nagoya, Japan, and also the President of the Association of Japanese Estheticians and Beauty Therapists (AJESTHE). AJESTHE is the oldest and most prestigious beauty therapy association in Japan with over 10,000 individual members and 150 member schools all over Japan.
Appearance is important for people’s QOL. Both the diseases itself and the treatments negatively impact the patients’ appearance. And the changed appearance influences the willingness for the treatment, and the patient’s social activities in general. This often has a negative impact on the treatment.
The socio-esthetique, which has started in Tours, France in the 1970’s, uses the beauty therapy treatments as a part of the medical care. In order to prepare the beauty therapists for this task, the training courses are developed to give the knowledge about the patients’ body and mind, the communication skills, how to work effectively as a member of the care team, and other relevant knowledge.
The socio-esthetician training started in Japan in 2007. For the last 10 years, there have been nearly 100 beauty therapists who got trained to work as a socio-esthetician. The socio-estheticians are effective in the variety of medical fields; and we have found that it is most effective in the palliative care. If an experienced beauty therapist with proper training and careful planning is in the palliative care team, it improves not only the patients’ physical appearance but also their willingness for the other treatment. It helps the patient to be active in their daily life. It also enables the palliative care team to get more information from the patients, and the patients feel more comfortable with the beauty therapist. Adding a trained beauty therapist to the palliative care team has a great potential to improve the quality of the palliative care.